英文标点符号的使用(1/2)

英语写作

大家好,我們是英文批改wordvice(English editing proofreading)
英文标点符号该怎么正确使用,常常容易搞混,尤其亚洲学生容易将逗号当万用符号,不知道用什么就用逗号带过,这是很不好的习惯。
标点符号说明将分成两篇分享给大家。

 

 

一、句点

  1. 句点用于当一句话完全结束时。
  2. 句点也可以用于英文单词的缩写,如 Mrs., Dr., P.S. 等。但要注意的是当缩写的字母形成了一个单词的时候就不要使用句点。如 IBM, DNA等。

二、?问号

问号要用在一个直接的问句,而不是间接的。如 How will you solve the problem?是正确的用法,但用在 I wonder how you will solve the problem?就不对了,应该使用句点而不是问号。
另外,在客气的用语中,也是用句点而不是问号。例如:Will you please give me a call tomorrow.

三、! 感叹号

感叹号用于感叹和惊叹的陈述中,在商业写作中要注意感叹号的应用,因为不恰当的使用会显得突兀及不稳重。

wordviceproofread

四、;分号

  1. 与中文一样,分号用于分隔地位平等的独立子句。在某些情况下,使用分号比使用句点更显出子句之间的紧密联系,另外分号也经常与连接副词thus, however, therefore一起使用 (放在这些词语之前)。
    例如: I realize I need exercise; however, I’ll lie down first to think about it.
  2. 在句子中如果已经使用过逗点,为了避免歧义的产生,就用分号来分隔相似的内容。
    例如:The employees were Tom Hanks, the manager; Jim White, the engineer; and Dr. Jack Lee.

完整的句子以大写字母开始,以句点结束。写英文时用逗点代替句点、分号、冒号或破折号叫“逗号错”
误:It was raining hard, they could not work in the fields.
(注意:上面句子中是两个不同的主语,而且逗点前后的句子是完整的— 单独拿出来都能代表一个完整的意思。因此,用逗号违反了英文规定,即一个句子只能有一套主词。)
:It was raining hard; they could not work in the fields.

  • It was raining hard. They could not work in the fields.
  • It was raining so hard that they could not work in the fields.
  • They could not work in the fields because it was raining hard.
  • It was raining hard, so they could not work in the fields.
  • As it was raining hard, they could not work in the fields.

误:The essay is poorly organized, there is no central idea.
正:The essay is poorly organized; there is no central idea. The essay is poorly organized: there is no central idea.

五、:冒号

  1. 冒号用于对后面内容的介绍或解释。例如:This is her plan: go shopping.
  2. 冒号用于名单之前,特别是一个竖排的名单。例如:We transferred three employees to new branches:
  • Tony Wang to New York City
  • Mike Jackson to Tokyo
  • Mark Foster to Paris

当名单横排的时候,冒号要用在一个完整的句子之后。
例如:We need seven people: three students, three engineers, and a professor.
3. 冒号用于一个正式的引用之前。例如:The professor ​​said: “It was horrible.”
4. 冒号也可用于商业或正式信函的称谓后面。如:Dear Mr. Lee:(美语中,信件或演说词的称呼语之后用冒号,而在英语中多用逗号)
5. 冒号用于数字时间的表示。例如。 16:45 或 4:45 p.m.
6. 冒号用于主标题和副标题之间。例如:Web Directory: World and Non-U.S. Economic Data

六、,逗点

  1. 逗点用于分隔一系列的简单内容。例如:I will go to Shanghai, Beijing, and Shenzhen.
  2. 逗点用于修饰名词的多个形容词之间。例如:a small, fancy bike
  3. 逗点用于连接两个较长的独立子句,而且每个句子的主语不同。例如:The Grizzlies were out of timeouts, and Miller missed a desperation 3-pointer as time expired.
  4. 逗点用于关联的子句之间。例如:Since he’s your younger brother, please take care of him.
  5. 逗点用于一个较长的修饰短语之后。例如:In the middle of the coldest winter on record, the pipes froze.
  6. 逗点用于直接引用的句子之前。例如:Mary said, “Let’s go fishing.”
    这里说的和上面提及的冒号在直接引语中的使用不一样。如果是引用比较正式的发言讲话就要用冒号,一般情况下就用逗点
    如果句中含有间接引用就不需要逗点。例如:Mary said we should go fishing.
    在反问句之前要使用逗点。例如:He worked very hard, didn’t he?

 

| 英文资料 | 论文润色Academic proofreading | 留学文书批改Admission proofreading | 托福写作修改 | 服务费用 | FAQ | 关于Wordvice |

标签, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Notify of

wpDiscuz
QQ E-mail