英文作文中,冒号分号该怎么用?

英语写作

大家好,我們是英文批改wordvice(English editing proofreading)
你有想过冒号跟分号这么像,它们的用法有什么差别吗? 这是许多人在写英文作文蛮常搞错的一部分,今天只挑出这两个符号来仔细分解。搞清楚这两个符号,不论是写英文作文或是英文论文,都会有很大的帮助。想要了解其他标点符号,可以看英文标点符号使用(1/2)

Semi Colon ( ; )

分号用来分离句子,效用比句号还要弱

1. 如果 句中已经使用commas(逗号)的情况下,想要分离单字或句子时使用

例)
I bought shiny, ripe apples; small, sweet, juicy grapes; and firm pears.

Mary’s favorite dinner foods are chicken, with Cayenne pepper; salad, with Italian dressing; toast, with garlic and butter; and soup, with scallions, cheese, and mushrooms.

2. 合并两句子时使用

句子可以在单独的状态下成为一个句子,也可以使用分号合并。因为两个句子被分号连结起来,表示某种程度上它们是一个句子。
例)
I went to the grocery store today. I bought a ton of fruit. Apples, grapes, and pears were on sale.

->

I went to the grocery store today; I bought a ton of fruit. Apples, grapes, and pears were all on sale.

OR

I went to the grocery store today. I bought a ton of fruit; apples, grapes, and pears were all on sale.

Cannot

I went to the grocery store today; I bought a ton of fruit; apples, grapes, and pears were all on sale.

分号的使用与第一个使用方法有关联。有三个短句子但无法挑选的时候,就用这种方法让它好看。更重要的用途是想强调两个句子有关连性。举例来说,”I bought a ton of fruit” 和”Apples, grapes, and pears were all on sale” 两个句子使用分号连结的话,就能够强调出”因为在水果大拍卖,所以我买了超多食物” 。

3. 有‘however’ 和 ‘for example’的时候,使用分号

例)
Mary ate dinner; however, she was hungry an hour later.
Mary’s dinner was made with several spices; for example, the chicken was sprinkled with Cayenne pepper.

writing

Colon ( : )

冒号可以接在一个单独的句子后面,做增加额外说明使用。例如想要读者特别注意某些重点时或其他想法。

1. 介绍目录或使用名词, 名词子句, 引用句, 举例等情况时

例)
– 列举: We covered many of the fundamentals in our writing class: grammar, punctuation, style, and voice.
– 写名词或名词句: My roommate gave me the things I needed most: companionship and quiet.
– 写引用句: Shakespeare said it best: “To thine own self be true.”
– 举例或说明: Many graduate students discover that there is a dark side to academia: late nights, high stress, and a crippling addiction to caffeinated beverages.
– 目录的额外说明: Mary’s dinner consisted of the following: salad, soup, chicken, and toast.
– 引用句的额外说明: The words Ivan spoke were very kind: “Mary, I made this dinner especially for you, dear.”

2. 合并文章时

总结或说明前一句时,可以使用分号,但两句必须是完整句子且有关联性。且时常使用分号可能有妨碍文章脉络的疑虑,需要注意。

Life is like a puzzle: half the fun is in trying to work it out.

3. 切分时间、 标题时

分号可以使用在切分时间的单位、比率或是章节

例)
Hours and Minutes: Mary ate dinner at 9:12.
Ratio: Mary’s ratio of carbohydrate intake to protein was 3:1.
Bible verses and chapters (Matthew 2:24).

写参考文献时,列与参考文献时也使用分号。

Kurlansky, M. (2002). Salt: A world history. New York, NY: Walker and Co.

切分标题跟副标题时使用。

Everest: The Last Frontier

在正式的商业信件中,可以直接在招呼语后使用。 (较不正式的信件可以使用逗号即可)

Dear Editor:

冒号后的第一个单字须用大写吗?

如果是两个独立句子中间用分号连结,大小写没有差别,但如果是有从属关系的,后方句子必须小写。

写英文论文, 留学ESSAY, SOP英文读书计画, Personal Statement英文自传等英文文件的时候,如果能够确实掌握分号及冒号的使用,可以写出更有效率的内容。但是如果不亲自动手写,也是会生疏望计,建议大家多动动笔并将完成的英文作文送交英文编修,透过与专家的互动,增进自己的英文写作实力。

如果有英文修改的需要,别忘记我们也提供英文论文、留学申请Essay、SOP读书计画、PS自传等多种英文编修服务喔!

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