[视频] 教你写出完美的研究论文标题

写作风格与格式,在线公开课程

好标题的重要性

标题可能是整份论文当中最最具有影响力的一个要素,不仅是期刊编辑和审稿者第一眼看的,更是研究员在搜索相关文献或数据库时,确认的第一个信息。

因此,标题最好能够涵盖每一个研究的相关面向,且方便读者阅读。跟着以下步骤能够帮助你想好一个完美的论文标题。

本视频涵盖:

  • 论文标题的重要性
  • 构思论文标题的步骤解说
  • 判断论文标题的内容取舍

本视频适合:

★投稿的任何人

★研究员、教授和硕博士等需要论文标题命名协助的人

 

如何架构你的标题

Step 1: 问自己几个关于论文的问题

这些问题像是你的研究旨在解决哪些问题和研究达成了什么目标,或尝试看论文的每一个部分,并找出最相关的信息就可以找出该问那些问题。例如:

“What is my Paper About?”

“My paper studies how program volume affects outcomes for liver transplant patients on waiting lists.”

“What methods/techniques did I use to perform my study?

“I employed a case study.”

“What or who was the subject of my study?”

“I studied 60 cases of liver transplant patients on a waiting this throughout the US aged 20-50 years.”

“What were the results?”

“My study revealed a positive correlation between wait list volume and negative prognosis of transplant procedure.”

Step 2: 从自己的答复中找出关键字

-program volume -60 cases

-outcomes -US / ages 20-50

-liver transplant patients -positive correlation

-waiting lists -negative outcome

-case study – transplant procedure

-60 cases

Step 3: 使用关键字造句

“This study employed a case study of 60 liver transplant patients around the US aged 20-50 years to assess how the waiting list volume affects the outcome of liver transplantation in patients; results indicate a positive correlation between increased waiting list volume and a nega

tive prognosis after transplant procedure.”

这个句子明显太长了,所以你必须按照接下来的两个步骤来缩减至适当长度。

Step 4: 将句子缩减成标题

想写出一个完整的论文标题,必须移除任何能够让这个句子成为「句子」的东西,同时保留所有跟研究相关的内容。删除掉所有不必要和重复的字或研究员在搜索时最不可能使用的字。

以下是删掉后剩下的内容:

This study used a case study of 60 liver transplant patients around the US aged 20-50 years to assess how the waiting list volume affects the outcome of liver transplantation in patients; results indicate a positive correlation between increased waiting list volume and a negative prognosis after transplant procedure.”

删完之后,将剩下的东西转化成教简洁的单字并重新安排顺序,让它更好读。因此就变成以下:

“A case study of 60 liver transplant patients around the US aged 20-50 years assessing the impact of waiting list volume on outcome of transplantation and showing a positive correlation between increased waiting list volume and a negative prognosis.” (Word Count: 38)

现在已经很接近可以用的标题了,但一般论文的标题在16字以内,所以现在的字数还是太多。因此我们必须取舍一些单字。

Step 5: 删除不必要的所有内容,把关键字移到句首跟句尾

因为实验参与对象的适量和实际结果并非该研究最重要的部分,所以先把该部分移除:

“A case study of 60 liver transplant patients around the US aged 20-50 years assessing the impact of waiting list volume on outcome of transplantation and showing a positive correlation between increased waiting list volume and a negative prognosis.” (Word Count: 19)

除此之外,在研究方法中的单字通常都不会是其他人搜索时会使用的字眼,并把额外的细节删掉,让标题更加简洁。那剩下的就是:

“Assessing the impact of waiting list volume on outcome and prognosis in liver transplantation patients” (Word Count: 15)

删减完的标题让人轻易的了解研究主题与该研究的目的,同时最重要的单字也放在标题的头跟尾。 “Assessing” :该研究的主要动作被放在标题的头, “liver transplantation patients” 研​​究的特定主题被放在尾。这能够有效帮助论文在搜索时被看到。

加上副标

如果你认为有副标的需要,你可以在标题后面加上一个冒号:

“ : a case study of US adult patients ages 20-25”

但是也不需要严格遵守以上的建议,如果你有投稿需求,建议详细阅读该期刊的论文标题规定,才不会白忙一场。

标题命名的技巧

除了以上的步骤之外, 以下关于格式、字数和内容的技巧提供参考:

  • Write the title after you’ve written your paper and abstract
  • Include all of the essential terms in your paper
  • Keep it short and to the point (~16 words or fewer)
  • Avoid any jargon or abbreviations
  • Use keywords that closely relate to the content of your paper
  • Never include a period at the end—your title is not a sentence

我们希望以上所有的建议能在你写标题时帮助到你!

 

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