Disinterested和Uninterested等常搞混的20个英语词汇组合

学术论文写作

英文写作常搞混的词汇

 

为了应付大量的写作,大家都会使用语法检查软件来排除基本错误,而这些软件现在都做得不错,但是语言是活的而机器是死的。我们可以把每一个字都拼对但其实用错了地方或同音异意词而不自知,软件也检查不出来。

以下整理了最容易让人搞混的20组英文词汇搭配图片让你更好理解。

 

Accept vs. Except

1

Advice vs. Advise

2

Affect vs. Effect

3

Among vs. Between

4

Assure vs. Ensure vs. Insure

5

Bare vs. Bear

6

Climatic vs. Climactic

7

Complement vs. Compliment

8

Disinterested vs. Uninterested

9

Economic vs. Economical

10

Elicit vs. Illicit

11

Farther vs. Further

12

Historic vs. Historical

13

Imply vs. Infer

14

It’s vs. Its

15

Lay vs. Lie

16

Principal vs. Principle

17

Stationary vs. Stationery

18

Than vs. Then

19

Their vs. There vs. They’re

20

Accept vs. Except
Accept (v): to consent or receive
Except (v): to not include; (prep.) not include
When we truly accept ourselves, we may even love our silly side with no exceptions!
Advise vs. Advice
Advise (v): to recommend or suggest an action plan
Advice (n): recommendation or suggestion about a future action
The greatest advice I received was from a teacher who advised me to always consider my options before deciding.
Affect vs. Effect
Affect (v): to impact
Effect (n): a result; Effect (v): to bring about a certain result
When we litter, we affect our planet’s health, causing an unwanted effect: pollution and global warming.
Among vs. Between
Among (prep): in the company of two or more (emphasis on distributive nature of something)
Between (prep): shared by two or more people or things (emphasis on one-to-one/ individual relationship)
Among the many flowers of the meadow, a pair of daisies shared the sun’s warmth between them.
Assure vs. Ensure vs. Insure
Assure (v): to tell someone something positive to erase doubt
Ensure (v): to make sure that something will happen;
Insure (v): to arrange for compensation in the event damage occurs
Can you assure me that the store was well insured? Yes, and I will ensure that our company will process your claim.
Bare vs. Bear
Bare (v): to uncover or expose
Bear (v): to carry or support
A bear might bare its teeth or simply bear its young while climbing up a tree.
Climatic vs. Climactic
Climatic (adj): relating to the climate or weather
Climactic (adj): exciting or acting as the climax of a series of events
Monkeys escaping a climatic event like a hurricane approaching a rainforest might lead be a climactic situation!
Complement vs. Compliment
Complement (v): to complete and make perfect or complete; (n) the thing that makes something else complete or perfect
Compliment (n): a phrase of praise or admiration (v): to praise someone or say a statement of admiration
Saying, “You complement me,” might earn you a hearty thanks for the compliment.
Disinterested vs. Uninterested
Disinterested (adj): neutral; impartial; not influenced to take sides
Uninterested (adj): to have no interest in something
It would be good to have a judge who was disinterested, but an uninterested judge wouldn’t even listen to the facts!
Economic vs. Economical
Economic (adj): relating to economics
Economical (adj): a good bargain; good value compared to the money spent
Using economical products like energy-saving light bulbs will help ensure our company’s economic stability.
Elicit vs. Illicit
Elicit (v): to draw out a response from someone
Illicit (adj): illegal, forbidden
Trying to elicit private information like social security numbers by phone is an illicit activity!
Farther vs. Further
Farther (adv): at a greater distance (physically); (adj) more distant
Further (adv) at a greater length (more common for non-physical distance); (adj) additional (e.g., “no further concern”)
The farther you travel, the further your mind will expand.
Historic vs. Historical
Historic (adj): famous or potentially important in history
Historical (adj): relating to past events or history
A historic event is famous, and it could be held at a historical site.
Imply vs. Infer
Imply (v): to strongly suggest the truth or existence of something (facts imply)
Infer (v): to conclude based on evidence (people infer)
The facts imply that we’re missing something. I can only infer that we need to dig a bit deeper into the matter.
It’s vs. Its
It’s (contraction): it is
Its (pronoun): possessive form of it; belonging to it
It’s common belief that if a groundhog sees its shadow, we’ll have another six weeks of winter!
Lay vs. Lie
Lay (v): to put down; to put in position for use
Lie (v): to be in a horizontal resting position [**CAUTION: past tense is "lay"; do not confuse with present tense "lay"]
While I lay out the baby clothes, the puppy lies down to sleep.
Principal vs. Principle
and Principal (adj): main; most important; Principal (n): head of a secondary school; money invested
Principle (n): the basic truth or foundation upon which other ideas are based
The principal reason for supporting your strategy is because of its underlying principle of teamwork.
Stationary vs. Stationery
Stationary (adj): not moving
Stationery (n): writing paper
My poor cat remained stationary while I wrote a letter on my new stationery.
Than vs. Then
Than (conjunction/preposition): an element used for comparison
Then (adv): at that time
Travel is faster now than it was back then.
Their/There/They’re
Their (pronoun): possessive form of they
There (adv): in or at that place
They’re (contraction): they are
They’re happy that their masters haven’t found them hiding over there…

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