英文论文写作指南 (Title,Abstract)

学术论文写作

大家好,我們是英文批改wordvice(English editing proofreading)

1. DISSERTATION TITLE

结论以直接简单最好。 Title表达论文主轴内容,题目如果过长,容易让人失去兴趣;过短则难以完整传达论文目地。

  • 尽最大努力简化 (10单字左右)
  • 论文的Abstract写完后再定出Title
  • 使用与主题相关的专业用语
  • 小心使用读者不熟悉缩语或用语

2. ABSTRACT

What is an abstract?
An abstract is an important section of your dissertation. It gives an overall summary of your research. Therefore, it is important to understand the factors necessary to write a good dissertation abstract. There are three different ways to write a dissertation abstract. They are:
Descriptive Abstract: A descriptive abstract is like an outline of your original research. It presents all ideas discussed in your dissertation and summarises your methodology. However, it does not summarise results or conclusions of your research.
Informative Abstract: An informative abstract is a shortened form of your dissertation. It summarises all your arguments that you use in your dissertation. It gives readers an overview about objectives, methods, results and conclusions of your research.
Critical Abstract: A critical abstract is a critical analysis of a dissertation. The abstractor assesses a research and compares it with other work on same subject. It is a condensed critical analysis.

How to Write an abstract?
Writing an abstract can be a challenging task since you are required to provide a summary of your whole dissertation within short word constraint. Therefore, you first need to first draw its outline before writing an abstract of your dissertation. This will help you write it effectively and speedily.
Following are some important tips that will help you write a good abstract:
Show Purpose: Firstly, you need to describe the purpose of your research. You need to show what you want to prove or disprove through your research. You need to explain the purpose in first two lines of your abstract. Also, you have to show how your research is unique and explain how it will contribute in existing research.
Explain your Research: You need to describe the methodology of your research in abstract. Show highlights of your research. Describe your research as qualitative or quantitative. Avoid discussing things not directly related with your research.
Be Succinct: As mentioned above, your abstract needs to be written within specific word constraint usually no more than 2 pages and 400-600 words. You need to cover all important aspects of your research within this word limit. So, you should make it concise and to the point. In addition, you need to be direct and clear while writing abstract of your dissertation and avoid cluttering of information. Remember to use terms and words from your dissertation; it will help readers easily understand your dissertation.

论文的摘要需尽可能的简洁明了的记载内容,过程及结论等,包含以下内容:

  • 论文作者
  • 研究内容分析
  • 研究内容及结果

摘要就如同上方所说,是论文的SUMMARY 。因此必须着重于在读本文前快速掌握到本文要点,这部分可用于论文发表及介绍等场合。
摘要必须写入的四大项内容:

  • HOW 研究方法
  • RESULTS 研究结果
  • WHY 研究动机
  • CONCLUSION 从研究结果中获得的一般结论

以英文撰写的,请注意以下事项

  • 一般不超过两页面, 平均大约400-600单字写成一个段落
  • 以完全不懂内容的读者立场来思考并撰写
  • 尽量以active方式撰写
  • 因为是研究结果,所以时态使用过去式
  • 时态请一致

 

 

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