英语论文字数缩减技巧

学术论文写作

tip

霍华斯修改得中国论文当中,常见的问题之一包含了wordiness:

例:
In order to improve the competitiveness and cost performance of the low-cost AB5-type alloy battery as so to meet the market demand, the alloy cost should be further reduced.

上方例句中的as so to以to替换的话,不仅可以解决wordiness也可以缩减字数。

各期刊都有字数限制的规定,因此今天教的小技巧是相当有用的喔!现在来看看这些小贴士吧。

1.不使用Wordy的单字

有许多可以替代字数较多的转接词,简洁又清楚!

替代 As a result 及 As a consequence 的 Therefore, Consequently, Thus

替代 On the other hand 的 Whereas, In contrast

替代 More specifically 和 In particular 的 Specifically

替代 In addition 的 Furthermore, Additionally, Moreover

替代 A number of 的 Several

2.去除包含过于普遍化知识的句子

大部分作者都在Introduction和Discussion开头写上这一类句子的习惯。虽然确立文章脉络相当重要,但應避免過於基本信息。例:在癌症论文当中,避免写入“According to the World Health Organization, cancer is a global health problem”等基礎知識。

3.不使用没有建设性的开头

使用“It was found that…”, “We found that…” 等这一类开头时,需考虑是否要提醒读者内容是否关于研究结果。

例: It was found that the agent XYG was effective in preventing metastasis.

The agent was effective in preventing metastasis.

heartof book

4.挑选正确动词

许多句子只要选对动词就可以有效降低字数,请看以下范文:

例: Protein XY was found to be present in the cytoplasm

Protein XY localized to the cytoplasm.

We conducted an analysis of protein XY.

We analyzed protein XY.

A diagnosis of diabetes was made based on the results.

Diabetes was diagnosed based on the results.

5.使用主动语态

主动语态在特定句子中可以减少字数。

例: The XYZ was measured through mass spectroscopy.

Mass spectroscopy measured the XYZ.

 

 

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