英文写作时别再使用这24个填充字(Filler Words)跟片语!

学术论文写作

Editing tips on cutting fillers and other unnecessary phrases (1)

不管是写期刊论文、学位论文或是其他学术文章,切中要点的句子最能有效传递讯息给读者。第三篇删减字数技巧,要来说说你平常做的很自然浑然不自觉的习惯,就是填充词的使用。 (两篇相关删减字数技巧的文章,欢迎点击看动词名词化 和 消除介词)

Tip # 3: 删除填充字 & 冗词

我们习惯使用太多应该要避免的填充词,大多数都是从口语中养成习惯再影响到写作。

什么是填充字(filler)?

填充字在句子里完全没有任何功用,只有「占位置」。因为我们时常不自觉的将说话的方式套用在写作上。拿我们博客为例,我们以对话方式来撰写是为了让读者容易理解,我们不用担心字数限制也希望透过轻松地叙述风格让读者了解英文写作信息,可是学术写作上的用字则不能这样使用,必须要精确。

一般写作和学术写作都应避免填充词与不必要的单字、片语

来看看以下句子,你能找出句中的填充词和其他的冗词吗?

  1. There is an octopus sitting on top of my car.
  2. This is actually an interesting question.
  3. In order to apply the new method to our entire system, perhaps we should perform a local test.

句子语法都没错,可是能更精简

  1. There is an octopus sitting on top of my car. [10 字]
  2. This is actually an interesting question. [6 字]
  3. In order to apply the new method to our entire system, perhaps we should perform a local test. [18字]

来看看精简后版本

  1. An octopus is sitting on my car. [7 字]
  2. This question is interesting. [4 字]
  3. We should perform a local test before applying the new method to our system. [14 字]

删除填充词可以有效缩减字数,平均比例是25-30%的句长。假设把这比例放到论文上来看,单单删掉填充词就成功”瘦身” 25-30%。

如何找出并修改填充词?

为了加强你的写作和修改技巧跟节省你的时间,我们在下方列出了常见的填充词与或不必要的单字/片语,同时也提供了适合大部分情况的修改建议,当然你也可以照自己的其他方式修改。

填充词/多余的冗词或片语 修改建议 范文
A… then B… [chronological relationship] Use the structure “A… and B…” Sometimes, readers can understand sequences because of causality implied in the sentence’s context. Joe ran up the hill then fell back down. → Joe ran up the hill and fell back down.
Absolutely, Certainly, Completely, Definitely Delete. In most cases, the verb accompanying these adverbs imply 100% unless otherwise qualified. We absolutely agree with that theory. → We agree with that theory.
All of the Use “all the.” All of the cells ruptured. → All the cells ruptured.
As to whether Use “whether.” He was uncertain as to whether he would attend the event next week. → He was uncertain whether he would attend the event next week.
At all time Delete. If you state a general fact, it is always true unless you qualify it otherwise. You must follow these rules at all times. → You must follow these rules.
Commonly Delete. Since “commonly” implies a general statement, it’s unnecessary to use when your statement is a general fact. People once commonly believed that the sun revolved around Earth. → People once believed the sun revolved around Earth.
Due to the fact that Use “because” or restructure the sentence using stronger verbs. Due to the fact that we have limited resources, we will need to ration our daily intake. → We must ration our daily intake because of limited resources. OR Limited resources require us to ration our daily intake.
For all intents and purposes Delete. For all intents and purposes, this project will be run by the Zurich office. → This project will be run by the Zurich office.
For the purpose of Use “to” + verb. For the purpose of creating a new cohort, we would like to… → To create a new cohort, we would like to…
Has the ability to Use “can.” Jackson has the ability to mesmerize an audience with his charm. → Jackson can mesmerize an audience with his charm.
I/we believe; In my/our opinion Delete unless it would become unclear that the sentence reflects your thought alone. For example, if you are describing other people’s thoughts and want to contrast those ideas with your opinion, you may wish to use these fillers. However, use them sparingly. In most cases, you can avoid the filler, as shown in the second example in the next column. In our opinion, our results are inconclusive. → Our results are inconclusive. Scientists believe that water once flowed on Mars; however, we believe this theory is unlikely because… → Scientists believe that water once flowed on Mars; however, this theory is unlikely because…
In spite of the fact that Use “despite” or “although.” She agreed to volunteer for the event in spite of the fact that she was busy with other work. → She agreed to volunteer for the event although she was busy with other work.
In terms of Delete and restructure or use “about” or “regarding,” depending on the context. We can agree with you in terms of the proposed timeframe. → We agree with your proposed timeframe. In terms of price, we would like to request a discount. → Regarding price, we would like to request a discount.
In the event that Use “if.” In the event that you can’t meet the deadline, please contact us immediately. → If you can’t meet the deadline, please contact us immediately.
In the process of Use “while” or “when,” depending on the context. In the process of starting a new business, I hired an assistant. → When I started a new business, I hired an assistant
In order to Use “to.” In order to advance to the next level, we must pass this exam. → To advance to the next level, we must pass this exam.
It is important to note Delete. If it wasn’t important, you wouldn’t be writing it, right? It is important to note that inclusion and exclusion criteria are not used to reject people personally. → Inclusion and exclusion criteria are not used to reject people personally.
It is possible that Use “can,” “could,” “may,” or “might,” depending on the context. It is possible that the show will be canceled due to inclement weather. → The show could be canceled due to inclement weather.
Just, Really, Very, Even Delete. He really loves winter, especially when it snows. → He loves winter, especially when it snows.
Needless to say Delete. Needless to say, the project will end tomorrow. → The project will end tomorrow.
That Delete unless it is essential for making the sentence clear. She believed that he was innocent. → She believed he was innocent. She liked the house that sat on top of the hill. → She liked the house that sat on top of the hill. ["That" is essential to explain which house.]
The fact that Delete and restructure. Mary hated the fact that she had to work on Mondays. → Mary hated working on Mondays.
There/Here/It is…There has/have been… Delete and restructure to create a stronger active subject/verb. These phrases distract from your sentence’s main point. There have been many discussions among the scientific community about ethical boundaries in gene-splicing research. → The scientific community has frequently discussed the ethical boundaries in gene-splicing research.
With regard/reference to Use “regarding” or “about,” depending on the context. You can also rearrange your sentence to eliminate the “with regard to”/”regarding” phrase. With regard to your previous questions, we will answer them during our meeting later today. → Regarding your previous questions, we will answer them during our meeting later today. OR We will answer your previous questions during our meeting later today.

[繁體中文] [English] [한국어] [Turk Dili]

 

| 英文博客 | 论文润色 | 留学文书批改 | 托福写作修改 | 服务费用 | FAQ | 关于Wordvice |

Leave a Reply

Notify of

wpDiscuz
QQ E-mail