如何替换论文中的动词,让文章更吸引人?

学术论文写作,研究论文写作

如何灵活替换论文中的动词,让文章更吸引人?

学术圈对于写作规范,有时显得保守,但论文应该是同时兼具趣味与专业。然而考量到分秒必争的学术发表,每个人都焦虑地思考该如何提升发表机率。
首先,确认研究是否覆盖应有的内容,在论文中也详细解释,最后完善论文的质量。

 

1. 利用词云分析词汇

你可能有听过一个网站叫做Wordle,这是一个词云生产网站,点击「Create your own」并复制粘贴自己的论文就可以看到许多大大小小的单字出现,其中字越大的,代表出现次数频繁。

利用图像显示有助于分析读者容易读取到什么关键主题与重点,如果词云的结果显示出了你不想要着重的内容,建议你可以修改内容以确保读者能够正确吸收到你想要传递的重点信息。 *Wordle需要浏览器使用Java

为了让你对于词云更明确的概念,以下是我们利用Wordle分析我们英语博客中的一篇文章”How to Choose the Best title for Your Journal Manuscript.”

Use Wordle to Analyze Word Usage

图片中特别大的字眼有「titles」、「journal」、「research」和「papers」,这些单字都正好是我们想强调的内容。

 

2. 研究相似论文中的字词使用模式

从目标投稿期刊发表的文章中找寻下载次数最多与被引用次数最多的来研究其语言模式。这样的挑选阅读可以帮助你更快了解该期刊编辑的偏好,因此你较能写出符合该期刊的文章风格。

另一个方法是利用Wordle分析目标投稿期刊发表的文章。复制贴上一篇跟你论文相关的文章并分析其字汇,就可以发现该文章常用到的句子跟用语。

举例来说,假设你的论文主题是抽烟与癌症的关联,你先找出最近发表的所有跟你研究相关的文章,尤其是目标投稿期刊的。同样的复制粘贴上Wordle,并看看那些特别显眼的单词,你的论文是否已经涵盖了相似的字汇呢?

利用上方的连结来做Wordle分析,其结果如下图:

Wordle Analysis

3. 使用多一点主动与精准的动词

在维持原有句子的结构下,你可以消除论文中较为没作用的动词,像是「be」, 并替换成较为鲜明与明确的动词。如果你较常用主动语态,这个替换方法对你来说会更容易。同义词可以在thesaurus网站上查询,请注意替换同义词时,意思是否符合原文。

为了帮助你建立一个强大的学术论文常用词库,我们已经详细列出在修改或撰写论文时,你可能会需要的同义词列表。

列在「原有字词/句子」中的内容不代表完全不能使用,而是建议利用「替换推荐」栏位中的字词来降低其使用频率。

 

A. 描述现行研究或先前的研究的范畴

目的 原有字词/句子 替换推荐
To express the purpose of a paper or research

  • This paper/ study/ investigation…
  • aims to
This paper + [use the verb that originally followed "aims to"] or This paper + (any other verb listed above as a substitute for “explain” ) + who/what/when/where/how X. For example:

  • “This paper applies X to Y,” instead of, “This paper aims to apply X to Y.”
  • “This paper explores how lower sun exposure impacts moods,” instead of, “This paper aims to address the impact of lower sun exposure on moods.”
To introduce the topic of a project or paper

  • The paper/ study/ article/ work…
  • Prior research/ investigations…
  • discusses
  • presents
  • surveys
  • questions
  • highlights
  • outlines
  • features
  • investigates
To describe the analytical scope of a paper or study

  • The paper/ study/ article/ work…
  • Prior research/ investigations…
  • considers
  • analyzes
  • explains
  • evaluates
  • interprets
  • clarifies
  • identifies
  • delves into
  • advances
  • appraises
  • defines
  • dissects
  • probes
  • tests
  • explores

*Adjectives to describe degree can include: briefly, thoroughly, adequately, sufficiently, inadequately, insufficiently, only partially, partially, etc.

To preview other sections of a paper

  • Section X…
  • covers
  • deals with
  • talks about
  • outlines
  • highlights
  • sketches
  • assesses
  • contemplates

[any of the verbs suggested as replacements for “explain,” “analyze,” and “consider” above]

 

B. 概述主题背景

目的 原有字詞/句子 替换推荐
To discuss the historical significance of a topic

  • Subject/ Mechanism…
  • plays an important in [nominalization]
  • plays a vital role in [nominalization]
Topic significantly/considerably +

  • influences
  • controls
  • regulates
  • directs
  • inhibits
  • constrains
  • governs

+ who/what/when/where/how…

 

*In other words, take the nominalized verb and make it the main verb of the sentence.

To describe the historical popularity of a topic

  • X Theory…
  • …is widely accepted as…
  • …is widely used as…

 

  • Widely accepted, … [to eliminate the weak be verb]
  • The preferred…
  • Commonly/Frequently implemented,… [to eliminate the weak be verb]
  • The prevailing method for…
To describe the recent focus on a topic
  • Much attention has been drawn to
  • …has gained much importance in recent years
  • Discussions regarding X have dominated research in recent years.
  • …has appealed to…
  • …has propelled to the forefront in investigations of Y.
  • … has dramatically/significantly shaped queries on X in recent years.
  • …has critically influenced academic dialogue on Y.
To identify the current majority opinion about a topic
  • The consensus has been that…
  • Prior research generally confirms that…
  • Several studies agree that…
  • Prior research substantiates the belief that…
To discuss the findings of existing literature

  • Previous studies…
  • indicate
  • have documented
  • have demonstrated
  • have shown that
  • contend
  • purport
  • suggest
  • proffer
  • have proven that
  • evidence
To express the breadth of our current knowledge-base, including gaps
  • Much is known about…
  • But, little is known about…
  • The academic community has extensively explored X…
  • Prior research has thoroughly investigated….
  • However, little research has been conducted to show…
  • However, prior studies have failed to evaluate/ identify / (any other word suggested to replace “analyze” above)
To segue into expressing your research question
  • Several theories have been proposed to explain…
  • To solve this problem, many researchers have tried several methods
  • Recent/Previous studies have promoted…
  • Prior investigations have implemented/ queried diverse approaches to…
  • A number of authors have posited…

 

C. 描述论文的分析要素

目的 原有字詞/句子 替换推荐
To express agreement between one finding and another

  • This paper/ study/ investigation
  • supports
  • substantiates
  • confirms
  • corroborates
  • underlines
To present contradictory findings

  • This paper/ study/ investigation
  • calls into question
  • challenges
  • disputes
  • rebuts
  • refutes
  • disproves
  • debunks
  • invalidates
  • rejects
  • questions
To discuss limitations of a study
  • The limitations of this paper include:
  • These investigations, however, disregards…
  • This method/ approach fails to…
  • This study only…
  • …falls short of addressing/ identifying / illustrating…
  • A drawback/disadvantage of this framework is…
  • This framework, however, solely pertains to…

 

D. 讨论结果

目的 原有字詞/句子 替换推荐
To draw inferences from results

  • The data…
  • These findings…
  • suggest
  • show
  • extrapolate
  • deduce
  • surmise
  • approximate
  • derive
  • extract
  • evidence
To describe observations

  • [Observed event or result]…
  • appeared
  • was observed to
  • manifested
  • surfaced
  • materialized
  • yielded
  • generated
  • perceived
  • detected

 

E. 讨论研究方法

目的 原有字詞/句子 替换推荐
To discuss methods

  • This study…
  • X method…
  • used
  • performed
  • applied
  • administered
  • employed
  • diffused
  • disseminated
  • relayed
To describe simulations

  • A simulation…
  • was created to…
  • was used to…
  • was performed to…
This study/ research…

  • simulated
  • replicated
  • imitated

+

“X environment/ condition to..”

+

[any of the verbs suggested as replacements for “analyze” above]

 

F. 解释新研究的影响

目的 原有字詞/句子 替换推荐
To explain the impact of a paper’s findings

  • This paper/ study/ investigation
  • demonstrates
  • shows
  • illustrates
  • proves
  • evidences
  • strengthens (the position that)
To highlight a paper’s conclusion

  • This paper/ study/ investigation
  • establishes
  • proves
  • attributes
  • illustrates
  • advances (the idea that)
To explain how research contributes to the existing knowledge-base

  • This paper/ study/ investigation
  • offers
  • introduces
  • ushers in
  • proffers
  • conveys
  • promotes
  • advocates
  • introduces
  • broach (issue)
  • reveals
  • unveils
  • exposes
  • unearths

额外写作资源

其他关于如何改善论文写作等信息 (例如:降低赘字使用与利用主动语态强化论文),可以参考以下文章:

如何写研究论文中的特定部分,请参考这里

其他英文文法技巧,请参考这里

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